Peru is one of the world’s most varied countries. Essentially a tropical country, Peru has a great diversity of climate, life, and economic activity that makes it a multicultural nation filled with traditions, and vast natural reserves. Peru is considered as the third largest country in South America, with its vast territory covering more than 1.2 million square kilometers, with its current population exceeding 31.5 million inhabitants. Peru is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of natural resources. Gold, silver, copper, zinc, lead, and iron are found across the country, and there are reserves of oil and natural gas.